horizontal type gas fired steam boiler

horizontal type gas fired steam boiler

Pressure boilers Products of the non-pressure hot water boiler, also called pressure boilers, boiler usually refers to the top does not bear the water column static pressure of the heating system. That is quite an open hot water tank. Meaning pressure boiler: boiler body opening to the atmosphere. In any conditions, the boiler at the water line are zero gauge pressure boiler. Pressure boilers Model consists of three parts, connected by a hyphen between the parts. Categories: pressure hot water boiler is mainly classified by fuel can be divided into CLDR (CWDR) often piezoelectric hot water boiler, CLHS-YQ (CWNS-YQ) pressure fuel (gas) hot water boilers, pressure coal-fired hot water boilers. Model: The first part of the model by atmospheric pressure boiler code, pot-type code, combustion equipment code, the rated thermal power four sections. Boiler pressure is represented by C code example: CLSG0.35; 95/70; W12 represents a vertical pipe fixed grate boiler pressure, the rated thermal power of 0.35 mW, rated outlet water temperature was 95 deg.] C, the nominal temperature of the water inlet. 70 ℃, burning anthracite class I, a second design of the boiler. Product Structure: The overall structure of pressure boilers and boiler auxiliary equipment including two parts. Boiler furnace, drum, burner, water wall superheater, economizer, air preheater, and the furnace wall, etc. The main frame member constituting the core part of the steam production, called boiler. Boiler body is in two main parts and drum furnace. Also known as the furnace combustion chamber, fuel combustion for space. The solid fuel on to the grate, referred to as a fire bed combustion furnace Stoker, also known as fire bed furnace; solid fuel furnace liquid, gas or pulverized, is injected into the combustion chamber is called the fire chamber burner, also known as the furnace fire chamber; air coal particles burn hold it was boiling, and the furnace is inferior fuel suitable for combustion is called fluidized bed furnace, also called fluidized bed furnace; coal particles so that an air flow rotated at high speed, and strongly called fire cylindrical cyclone furnace hearth. Furnace design needs to fully consider the characteristics of the fuel used. Each boiler should be fueled with the original design of the fuel. Boilers running economy and reliability are likely to vary greatly reduced when using the characteristics of fuel combustion. And the natural circulation drum is repeatedly forced circulation boiler receiving feedwater to the economizer, the coupling cycle and supplying saturated steam superheater cylindrical vessel. Simplified drum made from high quality steel plate, is one of the heaviest components of the boiler. Safety knowledge; boiler is a high-temperature, high-pressure thermal equipment, is one of special equipment, widely used in government agencies, public companies and all walks of life, are dangerous and special equipment. Event of an accident involving public safety, it will cause huge losses to the state and people's lives and property. For public safety, people's lives and property safety, according to the State Council, "Regulations on Safety Supervision of Special Equipment", the boiler should use full attention the following matters: 1, should be accompanied by safety technical specifications of the factory boiler design documents, product quality certification, safety and the use and maintenance instructions, supervision and inspection certificate (safety supervision, inspection and performance certificate). 2, boiler installation, maintenance, alteration. Engaged in the installation of the boiler, maintenance, renovation of the unit shall obtain special equipment installation and maintenance certificates issued by the Provincial Quality and Technical Supervision, before engaging in the boiler installation, maintenance, alteration. Construction unit before construction will be prepared for installation, maintenance, alteration in writing inform the special equipment safety supervision and management department of the municipality or district, and will start informing sent to the local county level Quality and Technical Supervision for the record, told immediately after construction. 3, inspection of boiler installation, maintenance, transformation. After construction, the construction unit To State Quality and Technical Supervision of Special Equipment Inspection and hydrostatic testing of the boiler installation supervisory inspection declaration. After passing by the State Quality and Technical Supervision, State Special Equipment Inspection, County of Quality and Technical Supervision involved in overall acceptance. 4, registration boiler. After the boiler inspection, the use of units must be in accordance with the "special equipment registration and use of management rules", fill "boiler (census) Registration Form", the State Quality and Technical Supervision to register and obtain a "registration certificate to use special equipment safety . " 5, operation of the boiler. Boiler operation must be performed by trained and qualified to obtain "special equipment operator certificate" certified personnel to operate, must strictly abide by the rules and eight systems, six record. 6, check the boiler. Periodic inspection of boiler once a year, not be used without safety periodic inspection of boilers. Safety accessories safety valve of the boiler regular inspection once a year, pressure gauge biannually verified, may not be used without the periodic inspection of the safety accessories. 7, non-pressure boilers will be installed for the boiler pressure. Do not use water level gauge, safety valve, pressure gauge three safety accessories insufficiency boiler. Daily operation and maintenance: ⒈ chemical contact, turbine attendant prepare enough desalinated water, oxygen, water passing temperature no higher than the drum wall temperature 50 ℃; Sheung during hot water temperature should not be to the drum wall metal temperature difference greater than 40 ℃ .⒉ new installation or after recording before overhaul boiler Feed expansion departments indicated .⒊ Sheung summer time less than 2 hours, at least 4 hours in winter, when the temperature and Sheung drum wall temperature difference of less than 40 ℃ how reheater be preserved? ⒈ turbine after playing brakes, boilers ensure a blower, an induced draft fan is running the best cross reserved two oil gun .⒉ open reheaters to the empty exhaust steam reheater hydrophobic doors and air doors corrosion, anti-corrosion of the reheater steam temperature is lower than a predetermined deg.] C for 400 .⒊ control drum water level within the permissible range .⒋ preservation time less than 20 minutes after stopping two oil gun operation guaranteed .⒌ when the furnace pressure 50--100Pa, each of the flaps open, baffle for ventilation less than 5 minutes, stop sending, fan, each of the flaps closed tailgate may be appropriate to accelerate Sheung speed.

Strict accordance with the operation of the gas horizontal type fired steam boiler feed water softening process is provided gas steam boiler fouling not only reduces the thermal efficiency of the boiler, but also increases the temperature of the boiler heating surface, damage to the heating surface, even causing the boiler explosion. Thus, soft water treatment equipment, strict accordance with the operation of the boiler feed water softening processing apparatus, the control of boiler feed water quality, delay the formation of scale. At the same time, real-time control the size of the boiler, boiler scale control, cleaning the scale, if necessary, it is very important. Since the gas steam boiler and vapor - water heat temperature is higher than the temperature of the air system of the boiler room, part of heat to the surrounding air by radiation and convection, which became the heat loss. boiler. Accordingly, when the insulating layer and the heat pipe of the boiler system damage or leak is detected, it should be repaired, to reduce heat losses. Steam boiler burner gas noise increases, mainly because of lack of or close the valve in the oil passage into the oil, oil filter plugging; or into the oil due to the low temperature viscosity is too high or oil pump. Temperature is too high; oil pump failure; fan motor bearing damage; dirty because the turbine wheel, the device too loud. When said failure when using gas boiler, and since the viscosity of the oil is too high, atomization is not easy (heavy oil); and because the distance between the nozzle and the cyclone unsuitable; In addition, since the burner worn or dirty; also because reserve tank temperature is too high, leading to the oil pump steam; oil boiler or because the oil is hydrated. Gas steam boiler feed water containing various impurities and calcium and magnesium scale substances, boilers inevitably expanded. Very low thermal conductivity of the scale, once contaminated surface is the surface heat, the exhaust gas temperature of the boiler will increase, and due to the increase in thermal resistance, heat loss of the exhaust gas will increase. Experimental data show, 1mm scale formation in boiler heating surface, the heat loss of the exhaust gas will increase from about 2-4%. Scale thicker boiler heating surface, the greater the resistance, the lower the thermal efficiency of the boiler.

The horizontal type fired steam boiler can be divided into three kinds according to the fuel (electricity, oil, gas), such as electric steam boiler, oil steam boiler, gas steam boiler, etc. According to the structure can be divided into vertical steam boilers, horizontal steam boilers, small steam boilers are single, double-return vertical structure, large-scale steam boilers are mostly three-way horizontal structure. If according to the classification criteria above, there are a lot of steam boilers, take an ordinary fast-packed 4-ton steam boiler. Water is heated into steam in the drum and heat is emitted by fire in the furnace, which is the principle of the steam boiler. Steam The combustion part of a steam boiler consists of a chain grate and a drive device, together with a combustion chamber composed of a boiler rack on the grate frame. Surrounded by refractories. Coal from coal hopper, there are coal gate to control the thickness of coal seam while sealing the front of the air. The lower part of the combustion chamber is the place where the blast enters. This steam boiler has great resistance and needs forced blast. The cinder of a steam boiler, discharged from the back of the grate through Eagle's mouth iron and sent out of the furnace by a slag extractor. Steam boiler flue gas from the back of the boiler, by the steam boiler drum one-way smoke pipe forward, from the two-way smoke pipe back to the rear, then into the dust collector to separate ash, and then through the induced fan from the chimney exhaust Out. The above is the working principle of steam boiler, of course, the operation of steam boiler without other equipment, such as the induced fan not only undertake the task of exhaust flue gas, but also the steam boiler negative pressure operation necessary. There are also pressure vessels, thermometers, safety valves, pressure gauges, pumps, steam pumps, etc. All are essential for steam boiler work. Pump leak problem. The actual output flow rate of gear pump is smaller than that of theoretical flow due to the leakage of gear pump in the process of operation. The main leakage channel of gear pump is through the gap between the two sides of gear and the cover plate on both sides of the gear, which is 75% / 85% of the total leakage of the pump. Radial clearance leakage between gear top circle and inner hole of pump; clearance leakage through gear meshing. Because of the leakage of gear pump, the output pressure does not go, which affects the range of use of gear pump. In order to solve the problem of low output pressure of gear pump, the way of adding floating sleeve or elastic baffle on both sides of gear pump is adopted to reduce the leakage of gear pump and improve the output pressure of gear pump. Radial force imbalance problem. In the working process of the gear pump, the pressure on the outer circle of the gear is not equal, which results in the radial unbalance force at the shaft and bearing of the gear. This radial imbalance will accelerate the wear and tear of the bearing, reducing the bearing The service life also may cause the gear shaft to deform, causes the tooth top and the pump body inner hole friction, damages the pump body, causes the pump not to work normally. The common solution is as follows: (4) opening pressure balance slot on pump, leading high pressure oil to low pressure area, but it will increase pump leakage and affect pump volume efficiency; (2) reducing the size of the pressure chamber, reducing the pressure area acting on the gear teeth, and thus reducing the radial unbalanced force.

After installation and commissioning fast Boiler professional and technical personnel, two hot water boilers to provide our bodies quickly into the orbit of the normal operation. Meanwhile, the design of energy-saving equipment also effectively improve the thermal efficiency of the boiler, saved us a huge amount of fuel costs. --customer feedback

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